141. In this area, ESL is most commonly utilized for Spanish-speaking students. Are there some areas where ESL is used for less commonly spoken languages? For instance, after the September 11 terrorist attacks, the US was scrambling for translators to decipher letters written in an isolated Afghan language. Is finding educators for primary language instruction always possible when the language or dialect is rare within US borders?

ESL, or English-As-A-Second Language programs-- are for ALL students who speak ALL other languages except English!!!! While within your area you may find mostly Spanish-speaking students in ESL Programs, you have in Arkansas many other languages spoken by ESL students. For example, in Springdale, in Northwest Arkansas, you have thousands of speakers of the language of the Marshall Islands, and, of course, they are all Americans!!!!!  (Remember that the Marshall Islands are a part of the USA!!!)

Here in California you will find hundreds of "rare" languages spoken by hundreds of people. We do have a very large Afghan community. And, some time ago, if you may recall, we used to encourage and require knowledge of many foreign languages in our high schools!!!!!

Our Monterey Language School, set up by the military to teach just about every language in the world, WAS a very important component of our global strategy. SORRY to tell you that President Jimmy Carter was the last President we had who made an outstanding effort to master a second language and just the other day he went to CUBA and spoke freely in Spanish for hours!!!!!

Now, we did not elect Governor Dukakis (correctly spelled?) as our President but he spoke Greek and Spanish to perfection. We now have a bilingual President who is NOT encouraging bilingualism in this nation although it served him well in enticing the Hispanic vote.

Are you surprised that with our attitude about teaching and mastering other languages we would be in such difficult position when we were attacked on 9.11? What happened to our Monterey Language School for our military???

Sometimes it is difficult to find primary language teachers for students whose primary languages are indeed "rare" to us. Many times we can find community liaisons who can become school translators and help those students.  However, no matter how rare or how common, ALL non- or limited-English proficient (LEP) students must be helped through ESL.



For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:

1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading

Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for
Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for
New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)

Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.


For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:


Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)

3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406

Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605

E-mail:  csssadek@gte.net