172. Our school with the largest ELL population is trying to justify a Spanish Class at that school. This class would teach all students the Spanish language. Do you have any research on this?


What a wonderful idea!

What you are describing ALMOST approaches what would be a "dual-language" program.

The very best person I would suggest you contact is Carmen. Here is her email address:

carmen sanchez sadek

Dr. André Guerrero, Director
Programs for Language Minority Students
Arkansas Department of Education
4 State Capitol Mall
Room 202-B
Little Rock, Arkansas 72201
Telephone: (501) 682-5014
Fax: (501) 682-5010
aguerrero@arkedu,k12.ar.us mailto:aguerrero@arkedu,k12.ar.us


I join Dr. Guerrero in saying "What a wonderful idea!!!!" And YES!!! I do remember your schools in Bentonville, Arkansas . . . .JUST like the schools in Los Angeles with so many Hispanic students!!!!! I also remember doing a Kindergarten Demonstration Lesson in Music, IN SPANISH, for ALL students at a school in Springdale, Arkansas, and it was just wonderful to see ALL the children participating!!!!!

For your information, there are HUNDREDS of Dual Language Programs ALL OVER the USA, in just about every state of the Union. There is a Directory of such programs and an organization called Advocates for Language Learning (ALL) which is the OLDEST organization promoting foreign language learning in Dual Language Programs (or Immersion Programs). One of the oldest programs is in Culver City, just a mile or two from my house in West Los Angeles.  Students in this Spanish Immersion Program are now TEACHERS in the program!!!!

I am delighted to tell you that I have worked very hard and very extensively with the Dual Language (or Immersion) programs in North Carolina (with Dual Language programs in French, Japanese, German and Spanish), in New Mexico (with Spanish Immersion Programs), and in other states including Texas and Nevada where Dual Language programs have been established for some time. The research is in and it is MOST positive for ALL students!!!!

As suggested by Dr. Guerrero, I am delighted to include a source of information which may be very helpful to you.
If you recall, CREDE is the Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence.

In their latest Newsletter, "Talking Leaves," Vol. 5 No. 2, Fall 2001, they have an article and lots of references on Dual Language Programs. The article, entitled "Program Showcase: Recent Findings from Two-Way Immersion," by Julie Sugarman and Liz Howard, from the Center for Applied Linguistics, is very detailed. And they also list:

http://www.cal.org/twi/faq.htm. For issues on two-way immersion education
http://www.cal.org/twi/bib.htm Bibliography of 100 articles (categorized)
http://www.cal.org/twi/bib_all.htm Bibliography of 100 articles (alphabetized)
http://www.cal.org/twi/direcctory/ Directory of Two-Way Bilingual Immersion Programs, USA
For e-mail: twi@cal.org.

Hope all of this information is of help to you.


For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:

1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading

Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for
Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for
New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)

Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.


For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:


Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)

3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406

Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605

E-mail:  csssadek@gte.net