2. What does S.D.A.I.E. entail? Who teaches S.D.A.I.E., the E.S.L. or the content area teacher?

Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English - S.D.A.I.E. - is a key instructional component of effective programs for students with limited command of the English language. The focus of S.D.A.I.E. is mastery of key content area concepts. To demonstrate understanding and mastery of key concepts students with limited English proficiency --English learners-- need hands-on learning opportunities to experience and apply what they are learning. At the same time, students also need opportunities to actively listen and speak the language of the content area. Active learning through hands-on instructional activities plus opportunities for listening and speaking facilitate reading and writing about the key content area concepts. Content area vocabulary development through active language use is one of the main goals in S.D.A.I.E.

After extensive review of the research and development literature, the Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE) at the University of California, Santa Cruz, reports in the Winter 1998 issue of its newsletter, Talking Leaves, that it has found five basic principles or standards for effective pedagogy. These five standards suggest effective S.D.A.I.E. for all students. They are:

I. Teacher and Students Producing Together
II. Developing Language Across the Curriculum
III. Making Meaning: Connecting School to Students' Lives
IV. Teaching Complex Thinking
V. Teaching Through Conversation

In California, content area teachers who hold any of the following teaching credentials issued by the Commission on Teaching Credentialing (CTA) can teach both, S.D.A.I.E. and E.S.L.:

  1. Cross-cultural, Language and Academic Development (CLAD) Certification,

(2) Bilingual-Cross-cultural, Language and Academic Development (B-CLAD) Certification,

(3) Bilingual Certificate of Competence (BCC), and/or

(4) Language Development Specialist (LDS) Certification. Content area teachers may also hold district-issued certification for S.D.A.I.E. under S.B. 1969.

In self-contained classrooms, a teachers with any of the state-issued credentials listed above may teach both S.D.A.I.E. and E.S.L. Elementary and secondary teachers may team together to provide either E.S.L. or S.D.A.I.E.. Students at all levels of language acquisition participate in S.D.A.I.E. together, from Pre-production students to fluent English-only students.




For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:

1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading

Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for
Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for
New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)

Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.


For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:


Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)

3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406

Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605

E-mail:  csssadek@gte.net