310. Re: a little confusionI was in your last ESL Academy at Henderson.  Because of all the new and wonderful things I learned last summer, I've had a great year with my little ESOL students.I was wondering if you could re-explain the vibe at the end of a word v.s. no vibe ending.  I can't remember the rule you taught us and my notes make no sense to me now.


Great Question!!!   Answer follows and I am delighted about your success!!!!
The rule applies to all words in the English language to which additional sounds at the end of the word modify the meaning of the word.  
Thus, for verbs in the PRESENT --
Final sound is VOICELESS (No Vibrations of the vocal cords):
Examples: look, eat, drink, cut, jump, map out, laugh, etc. 
When 3rd person singular is indicated by the LETTER "s," the added SOUND is also VOICELESS (No Vibrations of the vocal cords):
Examples:  he looks, she eats, he drinks, she cuts, she jumps, the computer maps out, he laughs, etc.
Final sound is VOICED (Vibrations of the vocal cords:
Examples: hug, love, enjoy, run, stand, drive, etc.
When 3rd person singular is indicated by the LETTER "s," the added SOUND is also VOICED (Vibrations of the vocal cords):
Examples: she hugs, he loves, he enjoys, she runs, he stands, he drives, etc.
Same rule applies to the FINAL SOUNDS of NOUNS, in the PLURAL:
VOICELESS: hat/hats, book/books, lamp/lamps, pot/pots, etc.
VOICED: computer/computers, key/keys, paper/papers, glove/gloves, etc.
Same rule applies to the FINAL SOUNDS of NAMES, used in the POSSESSIVE:
VOICELESS:  Pat/Pat's, Robert/Robert's, Mac/Mac's, Sadek/Sadek's, etc.
VOICED:  Mary/Mary's, Carl/Carl's, Rob/Rob's, Lupe/Lupe's, etc.
When Verbs, or Nouns, or Names end in a "sibilant" sound, that is, a sound where air comes out of the mouth and there is FRICTION as the air comes out, then an additional syllable must be added as shown:
VERBS:   kiss/she kisses,  rush/he rushes,  voice/she voices, admonish/he admonishes, etc.
NOUNS:  church/churches, brush/brushes, conference/conferences, etc.
NAMES:  Max/Max's, Rose/Rose's, Liz/Liz's, etc.
The basic idea of Final VOICELESS+VOICELESS or Final VOICED+VOICED is also indicated in the PAST FORMS of VERBS:
The LETTERS -"ed" indicate PAST but are pronounced /-t/ for VOICELESS and /-d/ for VOICED, as shown:
VOICELESS:    kiss/kissed, laugh/laughed, drop/dropped, cook/cooked, etc.
VOICED:  hug/hugged, love/loved, prune/pruned, empty/emptied, etc.
When the final sound of a VERB is /-t/ or /-d/, then a whole syllable is added:
Examples:  add/added, paint/painted, accept/accepted, load/loaded, etc.
Hope this helps!!!!!!  Nice helping you in any way I can!!!!!!



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