60.  Modifications for Elementary and Secondary Students

The most effective instructional modifications that teachers can implement in their lessons to help ALL students with limited command of the English language (and ALL students have limited command of the English language of the content areas!!!) are the recommended strategies for teaching "Specially Designed Academic Instruction in L2/English" or "SDAIE" strategies:


Active Learning

Assessing/Tapping Prior Knowledge

Building New Knowledge

Promoting Collaborative Problem Solving among Students

Using Cooperative and Other Student Groupings

Cultural Affirmation

Demonstrations and Modeling

Promoting Expressive Writing

Utilizing Grade Level or Grade Appropriate Lessons

Organizing Vocabulary into Meaning Categories or Graphic Organizers

Promoting High Order Thinking Skills through Questions

Integrating Perceiving, Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing across the Curriculum

Providing Multicultural Perspectives

Using Questioning Techniques to Ask and Rephrase Questions

Using Reading Scaffolds through Posted and Organized Vocabulary

Teacher as Facilitator of Learning

Thematic instruction

Use of Technology and Other Resources

Providing Verbal and Non-verbal Cues

Providing Visual Aids and Manipulatives




For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:

1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading

Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for
Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for
New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)

Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.


For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:


Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)

3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406

Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605

E-mail:  csssadek@gte.net